This is a possible solution to fraudulent science which supports scam and medical products, and false news from vested interests which undermines public confidence in news including government reports.
The solution is a legal avenue for “bounty hunter” labs and news reporters to be able to sue in behalf of public interest. So that it would be an investment by competitors and the public in behalf of truth and accuracy.
Upon review of evidence, public money would be partially provided to persecute false information. The money is returned to the public treasury when the case is concluded by fines placed on the defendant. The bounty hunter also gets a share of fines paid to attract whichever kind of expertise is necessary to obtain evidence.
The whistle blower doesn’t necessarily get the bulk of the reward, that’s the incentive for the bounty hunter to put up partial funding (in conjunction with public money) and collect supporting evidence.